Galicia is, before anything else, a country of countries.
Where the ancient greeks saw the end of the world, starts Galicia. In fact, Homero said about this region that the sun went down here to rise the next day from the east.
Galicia - Galiza in galician - is part of the "green Spain", and it has not been yet conquered by the massive tourism. It is a highly appreciated destination for lonely planet travellers and, therefore, a region to be unquestionably recommended. People from all over Spain are well aware about this.
In Galicia it is still easy to find old-time hospitality, which has become harder and harder to find in other parts of Spain. Along the seaside it is possible to find amazing long beaches to enjoy: saling, fishing, diving are well know activities. And, even in summer, a lot of beaches are not really crammed with tourists. The inland offers green, wide and open spaces, as well as mountains to go across. In the north it is possible to visit the astonishing Death's Coast, one of the most abrupt coastlines in Europe.
A smooth breeze tempers the hottest days in summer and, thanks to the Biscay's gulf stream, it is possible to get a bath until the end of Septembre.
Fish and seafood are an important part of the galician diet. 95% of the fish and seafood in Spain comes from Galicia. In this way, along the seaside the galician cooking offers a wide range of courses with octopusy, fish, crabs, clams, etc. All these products are fished by the fishermen from the full of locar color villages. It is a must to taste "pulpo a la gallega", galician octopusy, with red or white wine from the region.
Galicia is at the most north westerly tip of Spain and to the south borders Portugal. It offers a wide variety of walking opportunities for the independent walker and enthusiast alike. The scenery will remind you more of Ireland and Cornwall than Spain with its green and wooded valleys, sandy beaches and small coves. The beaches are fantastic with white or golden sand nestling in tranquil cool lagoons or beaten by crashing waves from the Atlantic.
Its lush green meadows are fed by the many rivers that flow through the province down from the Cantabrian mountains. The rivers give it the name of 'the land of a thousand rivers'. The cliffs of coastline have created many natural harbours and a plethora of fishing ports. Walking in this region is widespread and offers everyone something suitable for their fitness level. Its most famous city is Santiago de Compostela, renowned for its marvellous medieval district and its fantastic Saint James Cathedral. As the resting place of the apostle, St James, it has great significance in the Christian world and marks the end of the famous Camino de Santiago.
By the coast, during the months of May to September the temperatures are in the 20's°C the majority of the time, but you could experience some rain as in the other regions of this peninsula. Its rainfall is concentrated in the winter and spring months and Galicia's rainfall is actually less that that of the UK. But as one moves inland and you encounter the mountain ranges the weather is considerably colder and wetter. The ski resort of Ourense (Orense) is very popular and is on the regions south easterly border with Portugal and Castilla y Leon.
The town of Curtis
is located in the heart of Galicia on the border of the eastern province of Coruña and a part, along with ten other municipalities in the district of Betanzos. Is assigned to the judicial district of Betanzos and the diocese of Santiago de Compostela.
The municipality is bounded on the north with the municipalities and Aranga Oza dos Rios, on the east by the municipality of Guitiriz (Lugo), and the South with over Vilasantar, and to the west and Mesía Cesuras.
It extends to the municipality by 117.5 square kilometers, divided into four parishes, St. Mary of Fisteus, Foxado of Santa Maria, Santa Eulalia de Curtis and St. Mary of Lourdes, receiving a total population of close to 4400 people. The capital city is Teixeiro.
The average height to which the municipality lies between 450 and 554 meters above sea level, the highest point being Mount Enxameado with 610 meters.
A level of communication, the A-6 and the N-VI move around town, the N-634 crosses the town from east to west and us to Santiago. This leaves just the way AC-840, which communicates with the Coruña, Ourense and Lalin.
In the same way, the town's geographical location provides quick access to the capital of the province of Lugo, located about 60 km.
The following table shows the distance that separates the town kilometers from the main cities of Galicia:
|DISTANCE TO MAJOR CITIES ROAD GALLEGOS|
As regards rail transport, the municipality is crossed from west to northeast by a line passing through and joining Monforte Corunna and Ferrol to Madrid, with two stations and Curtis Teixeiro, where the trains do stop Coruña-Lugo.
Regarding the morphology of the land, is characterized by a large flat surface that is breaking the more expensive we are at this, because in this area is the Serra da Cova da Serp, physical surroundings of the province of Lugo. Other peaks include Monte da Graña, with 578 meters, or the Monte Enxameado with 610 meters. These mountains divide the three watersheds in this area.
The river network is very dense. Regueros born at the foot of the Serra da Cova da Serp and center on the land leading to the river and the Mandaean Deo, the waters of the south are the headwaters of the tributaries of the river and Tambre in the easternmost part of the municipality We have over River Mendo.
The landscape and vegetation is marked by small fields, surrounded usually by closures that are used to graze cattle. Also abound eucalyptus and pine trees.
SANTA MARIA DE FISTEUS
The etymology of the name of Fisteus is not known, but there are several theories about the origin of the name. One of them states that can come from the collective beat "filictum" derivative "filix-filicis" would mean a place of ferns. Another theory is that by being located in the town of Fisteus a territorial limit of its name comes from "terreus Finis," and say to a territorial demarcation.
Parish Fisteus came to have two boxes for the administration of justice: and what about Fisteus of Mereles. Coto de Fisteus was Señorío D. Friar Bernardino and Moscoso, Intendente Marine and resident of this kingdom Corunna and the Coto de Mereles was Señorío Convento de Sobrado.
Today is St. Mary of the parish Fisteus largest occupying 34.96% of the council making a total of 40.84 km2. The existing population is 687 people, with the most people to agriculture and gandeiría. Ten cores as Fisteus main square and the square of Illana.
This parish runs the River Mendo, with small tributaries in the eighteenth century vintecatro Muíños fariñeiros about moving slowly sustituíron the old stone Muíños manuals. Today most of these Muiños disappeared or are in a state of neglect. The only legacy we are still in abundance Muíños in this area are the songs that are still preserved in the Galician folklore. They were also guilty of the great abundance of sendeiros and bridges over streams, thus opening new avenues of communication and shortening distances between co-owners, neighbors and demais living in various villages.
IS a parish with a strong religious architecture, as shown, the church of Santa Maria Fisteus of Seculo XIII, the church of San Roque de Xabriño built in the eighteenth century, as well as the source of three canos. It is also important to highlight the historical and artistic heritage as evidenced by the house coat of arms Balter (Fisteus) with his coat in good state of preservation, and the former jail built in 1791, (now house).
SANTA MARIA DE FOXADO
East, along with Fisteus, the most rural and least populated of all the parishes, with a total of 499 inhabitants. Its nuclei Paradela main square and the square of Foxado, has 31 villages. This parish covers an area of 30.54% of the total, amounting to 40.19 km2.
The more information we can get from the history of Santa Maria Foxado can be found in the many chapels and churches. Noteworthy among them: the church of Santiago, located in Paradela; the church of Our Lady of the Snows, in Foxado; Recareo chapel in honor of Healthy Xurxo; chapel which has a San Cristobo anthropomorphic sarcophagus, etc.. A parish also has put a house where former postal stop to sleep and eat and drink to the horses, this house has a coat in good condition. It is also necessary to cite as important to houses and Barreiro Casa de la Casa de la Cantera, now converted into cottages, where you can relax and enjoy the surroundings and mountains to wide walking poles of the council to seek cogumelos or play sports such as hunting and fishing.
The parish is bounded Foxado Mandaean polo river. With a 53 km course. is undoubtedly the main river of the council, which crosses from south to north. Born high in the Pious (720 m.) to the spine of the Cova de Serpent, and empties into the estuary of Betanzos. During his tenure pole municipality receives a large number of tributaries, as for example the river Portocastro the Casteirón the Ramalleira Deo or the river itself, all troiteros, although some parts are difficult to access due to the weeds of the banks .
In the final leg of the tour for Curtis, the Mandaean is dammed by the presence of the Central Electricity Aranga. In this encore or small dam, there are several species of Anatidae, some all year, as can be the Mallard. Others, however, you can only see them at times when doing the migration to feed and rest stops.
NOSA SEÑORA LURD
The parish of Nosa Señora de Lourdes is the westernmost of the municipality, covering an area of 865 ha., Accounting for 7.36% of the total. The parish belongs to the town of Curtis, which represents 27% of the total population of the municipality, a total of 1420 inhabitants.
The parish of Nosa Señora de Lourdes was dismembered Santa Maria parish Fisteus and created independently by the Royal Order of the Directorate General of Justice and Religious Affairs Xeneral on October 10, 1928, gaining full independence by a decree of the Archbishop of Santiago closed by February 1, 1929.
They founded the villages of immemorial: Bude, Seixo of Up and Down of Seixo. The demais are newly created, including the house where dwelt Payo Rodriguez and gave rise to even name the village.
Probable etimoloxia of these villages:
The likelihood is that the name of Bude (the Bode) comes from the Latin "Buddha" meaning steeple (with respect to the steeple of the meadows). This is a xunco abundant in marshy places and humidos, as was the village of Bude
Railway station of roads and Curtis Curtis-Santaia, Coruña, Ourense and Santiago district-Curtis gave birth to the cause of a great show.
Due to increasing population and the needs of this fair was a new chapel that soon became the parish church of Lourdes de Curtis, being the ninth of Sobrado Arcipestrazgo Church under the patronage of Santa Maria.
To learn more about the history of the town of Curtis is a work of Don Andres Marino Sanmartín entitled "Bodeus, Curtis-station, Curtis," where you can find oríxenes and developments in the town of Curtis xoven.
SANTA EULALIA DE CURTIS
The parish of Santa Eulalia is bounded by the river Mandaean River salmoeiro at its bottom. They also toured the hills and fields by the river Deo, (tributary of the Mandaean), and of course, these rivers have multiple streams that provide water to pour into the sea making it the Betanzos estuary. Fishing can be practiced in both the two main rivers and in streams, as well as walking, riding, etc. .. by multiple paths that offer their forests.
In the year 910 to escape the plague, the Placencia family come to the territory of Curtis, in particular that we today call the Santa Eulalia de Curtis. Having chosen the appropriate territory, and limited post production begins the second stage: construccions. First start with the family home later evolve convent family. They continued with the temple, a small shrine dedicated to the virgin and martyr Santa Eulalia. Since then begins to be called to the scene, Santalla (Saint-Aya).
In this family born in the year 930 in San Pedro de Mezonzo site Chacente, a small village in the parish of Santa Eulalia.
This parish, and especially the place of Santalla, was for many years the center of the City of Curtis. Later, about 1860, with the arrival of the railway line and Curtis Teixeiro, people move oacuten%; to live with these points because they were a source of income for villagers.
The parish of Santa Eulalia de Curtis: at the center-north of the city council. It has an area equivalent to 27.14% of the city that a total of 32.47 km2, and it is here where is the core important Teixeiro. The parish is divided into two districts, and Santalla Teixeiro this second part of the first. Altogether has 54 villages, 36 district and 18 in Santalla district Teixeiro totaling a population of 1,815 inhabitants.
Traditional Fair Curtis - On 9 and 23 each month in the regional market
Traditional Fair Teixeiro - The 5th and 18th of each month at the Plaza del Ayuntamiento
Here you can find all sorts of jobs, from food to clothes and basketmakers and artisans.
The City of Curtis is known for its festivals and pilgrimages, which from spring to autumn color fill the streets and music will delight those who visit us.
Principios de JUNIO Fiestas en honor de Santa Juliana La ILLANA
Mediados de JUNIO Romería del Monolito CURTIS
Mediados de JULIO Fiestas en la honra de San Cristovo SAN CRISTOVO
Mediados de JULIO Fiesta de la juventud TEIXEIRO
25 de JULIO Fiesta en honor del Apóstol PARADELA
1º fin de semana
de AGOSTO Fiesta en honor de la Virgen de las Nieves FOXADO
15 de AGOSTO Fiesta en honor de Santa María FISTEUS
16 de AGOSTO Fiesta en honor de San Roque XABRIÑO
Mediados de AGOSTO Fiesta en honor de Santa Eulalia SANTAIA
28 de AGOSTO Romería de la Pelegrina XABRIÑO
Finales de AGOSTO. Fiesta en honor de Nuestra Sra. de Lourdes CURTIS
8 de SEPTIEMBRE Romería de la Pelegrina Pequeña XABRIÑO
8 y 9 de
SEPTIEMBRE Fiesta en honor de Nuestra Sra. de los Remedios TEIXEIRO
12 de OCTUBRE Fiesta en honor de la Virgen del Pilar PARADELA
North Road to Santiago de Compostela 51 km
Numerous pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela arrive, and they all leave the city to its origins as tentacles of a giant octopus. El Camino del Norte, also known as High Road or Camino Biscay is that cruises the Cantabrian Irún from Santiago, passing through our town.
He cross the tracks between Lugo and Roman census, in this land of legends and relics of the Neolithic. Passes between the Romanesque churches of Santiago de Paradela, San Xurxo of Santaia or Fisteus ... to Santiago.
Curtis township is a meeting point for many walkers on this route, perhaps less known that the French way, but no less beautiful and worthwhile.
Fernando D. Cabanas Lopez is the author of the guide"North Road where it passes through the town of Curtis. Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela".
DISTANCE TO MAJOR CITIES AND ROADS GALLEGOS